When it comes to develop a scalable and robust app, one of the most crucial steps is to choose the right technology stack. It is because developing software is not only about designing a good UX and UI. It is also about maintaining, secure, and stable digital products that will leave an indelible image in the minds of the client. Plus, the product helps them to earn profits in their respective market. And to achieve this all together, the right technology stack steps in.
Without much ado or discussion, let us define the technology stack and how you can select the right one for developing a web app.
Defining a Technology Stack
If we are describing each term, a technology stack consists of components like frameworks, tools, technologies used for software development, and a set of programming languages
Precisely, web development needs a database, a backend, and a frontend. And all these layers, together, create a technology stack.
The Infrastructure of a Web Application
You can install a web application on a server and access it by using a web browser on any capable device. In this case, the user doesn’t require to download the app to his device to access it. This infrastructure must include-
- A web server
- A catching system
- A database
1. Web Server
A web server receives, processes, and supplies users’ requests in the type of an HTML message. Here are some recommended web servers:
- Apache HTTP server
2. Caching System
It removes all the server lag and helps the database to lose heavy loads during high traffic by using accessed information. And without a catching system, web applications perform slow and deliver bad website performance.
Database searches, filters, presents, and sorts the data in a web app depending on user requests sent through a website browser. A database is used to make several calculations.
These are two types—
- Relational: MySqL, PostgreSQL
- Non-relational: MongoDB, Apache Cassandra
The structure is also made of two components—Frontend and Backend. Let’s explore it further.
The frontend includes everything a user can see. It helps make the interaction with an app via the actual presentation layer. The major components here are:
The backend uses the logic behind the ways a site functions. It is also known as the technology in charge of the communication between the server-side, the client-side, and every component within the backend.
Here are some popular programming languages and their major frameworks are:
- PHP – (Laravel, CodeIgniter)
- Python – (Django, Flask, Pylons)
- Golang – (Gin Gonic, Beego, Martini)
- Ruby – (Ruby on Rails)
And when you combine all the components of frontend and the backend together, it is known as tech stack.
How to Choose the Right Technology Stack for Web App Development
The type of app you choose to build directly influences your choice of technology. So when you are choosing tech stack’s components, consider all the particular requirements your app wants.
You can use technologies in various combinations and choose the frameworks after you made your mind on the programming language. Now it is time to explore the prime complexities:
1: Complexity type of the web application
This is the first and foremost thing you must consider before building an app. A technology stack is a toolset that helps a web app. So you must choose what plan you are going to use to develop the relevant tools. Choose the optimal one that offers some specific benefits for your app.
The complexity is classified into 3 types; these are:
- Simple: These web apps are known for developing the usual solutions. For example Simple web stores and landing pages.
- Mid-level: These are more active than simple ones and developed using frameworks. Apps customized for big enterprises and online shops
- Complex: it has multiple integrations and functions. They are built using various web development technologies and are possibly composed of multiple programming languages
2. Size of Project
Every project has its level of complexity, and it entirely impacts the choice for the tech stack. And with the growth of project size, its complexity increases by the time.
As we have already discussed the grades in the complexity of a project. Now it is time to classify the project in terms of their sizes.
- Small: Here, you will witness the portfolios, single page websites, small presentations, and other small web solutions.
- Medium: it represents a combination of languages and many layers because it has multiple features and built using different frameworks. It may need cross-platforms integrations because medium-sized projects involve multiple systems. Most common frameworks are developing these are Angular and Node.js
- Large: They need more speed, scalability, and frequent service. Online marketplace and social platforms come under its purview. It involves a combination of technologies, languages, and instruments for developing an app’s parts. So before choosing the tech stack for these sorts of projects, you must consider both functional and non-functional requirements.
However, we just can’t ensure total security and protection from intrusions. But still, there are some safer programming languages and technologies are still there to ensure the maximum amount of security.
Advanced level of authentication and authorization processes are quintessential here. Furthermore, the code fabric should prevent any sort of entry for hackers. So developers have to follow all security measures and best practices while developing an app.
4. Time to Market
You have to keep this factor in mind since your start. To ensure this, you can opt for MVP development if you want to build and launch your app as fast as possible. As considered by many experts, MVP reduces the time-to-market.
It also helps you to get feedback from previous adopters so that you can do essential changes in your web app’s features.
If you have planned for quick web app development, consider using the tools you select for your technology stack possibly cannot scale effectively.
You have to scale it either horizontally by adding physical machines or processing units to your database or server, or vertically by adding extra software for new functions. You may consider Node.JS, React, Ruby on Rails, and Golang to have great scalability.
6. Bug Testing
Untested code or broken codes are some of the biggest issues in production. So if you want to save your precious time in bug fixing, you must incorporate technologies where you can test efficiently and easily.
You can consider technologies producing TDD (Test-Driven Development). Basically, before writing the code of production, TDD helps developers to write tests that make sure flawless dataflow.
7. Web App Development Cost
Realizing your idea into a full-fledged app will cost you and it needs significant investment. And your preference for a site technology development stack impacts your cost.
The expense of app maintenance – Developing an app is not the end of the story, it needs continuous maintenance also. So to lower maintenance expenses, you must opt for free open-source technologies.
One of the most important factors in terms of app development. Here are the two factors on which your app depends:
- Codebase – The codebase of your web app must neither be too concise nor too lengthy because the lengthy code requires more processing
- Architecture – Applications’ architecture must support scalability, portability, and reusability. Specifically, your tech stack permits extra frameworks for scalable development
A Road to the Summary
Choosing the right technology stack is certainly a challenge, but if we have gone through the discussion above. Every single point has tried to explain that you should pick it as per your project requirements. Do not just rely on time-proven technologies and go with a real-time and realistic approach. As you are investing a lot of capital on your app, always go with the best of the developers in the industry.
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