27 June 2013

New Index Calls Attention to Hidden Hunger

There is a hidden form of hunger that receives less attention that it deserves, say some advocates. While the world malnutrition will evoke thoughts of hunger and lack of food, meeting the caloric needs of a person is not enough to ensure adequate health.

Micronutrients are the minerals and vitamins that are in food. Zinc, iron and vitamin A are among the crucial micronutrients that ensure the health and proper development of children. A lack of micronutrients can cause slowed physical growth (stunting) and weaken immune systems to the point of endangering a child’s life.

Hidden hunger accounts for 7% of the global disease burden and comes with a global cost of $180 billion each year. The issue of micronutrient deficiency captures less attention than hunger. That is due in part to a lack of adequate data to display the problem to political leaders. Enter the Hidden Hunger Index.

Researchers collected data on micronutrient deficiencies in young children to map areas where the problem is concentrated. ’Hidden hunger hot spots’ were found in India, Afghanistan and sub-Saharan Africa.

Results from the research were published in a paper for the medical journal PLoS ONE. The concentration of hidden hunger is staggering. The 36 countries that account for 90% of the world’s stunting are home to high rates of micronutrient deficiencies that account for a significant portion of health problems, disability and early deaths.

The aim of the index is to provide information for countries and donors that will allow them to focus on the hot spot areas, explained Klaus Kraemer, Ph.D., director of Sight and Life and co-author of the paper to Humanosphere.

“We need leaders and champions to move forward,” said Kraemer. “This index can be used to blame and shame governments that are not doing anything.”

Continue reading on Humanosphere...

24 June 2013

World's Changing Population 1950-2050

Aid Cause Economic Growth? Not so Much

Economist Michael Clemens wanted to know if foreign aid prompts economic growth in developing countries. It is a tough question to answer.

Poor countries that receive aid do show economic growth. But is it the aid that causes the growth, or is growth due to other factors? Experts argue in favor of both sides of that equation. Clemens says it remains a chicken-and-egg conundrum.

To try to figure it out, Clemens teamed up with fellow economists Steven Radelet, Rhikil Bhavnani and Samuel Bazzito to determine how aid impacts economic growth. They set aside short-term programs that would not show results for a long time - like women's empowerment campaigns and vaccine drives - and focused on more tangible projects with more immediate potential impacts. Those included transportation projects, infrastructure investments and agriculture support.

Things still got tricky. They looked at the changes over a five-to-ten year period, but had to control for things that are out of the control of aid projects. For example climate change effects, poor governance and civil conflict.

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The Poor Fundraising Practices of America's Worst Charities

Financial digging by the Tampa Bay Times and the Center for Investigative Reporting revels a list of the American charities that spend the most money on paid solicitors and get little in return. The list calls the group the worst charities in America for the wasteful spending.

At the top of the list is the Kids Wish network who paid solicitors $109.8 million over the past decade to raise a total of $127.8 million. All that spending for $18 million. Less than $0.03 of the money it raises is spent on actually helping children.

According to the TBT and CIR, 6,000 charities pay for-profit companies to raise money. The bottom fifty that make the list payed nearly $1 billion to the money raising industry over the past decade.

The five worst charities in America, as ranked by money lost on soliciting costs, are:
  1. Kids Wish Network
  2. Cancer Fund of America
  3. Children's Wish Foundation International
  4. American Breast Cancer Foundation
  5. Firefighters Charitable Foundation
One of the charities listed, the American Foundation for Children with AIDS, too issue with the rank list. It rebutted the way it is characterized and defended its use of for-profit solicitors in a long statement.

"The article correctly points out that these services can be very inefficient in terms of the percentage of funds raised that actually reach the nonprofit organizations," writes AFCA.

"However, the article leads one to believe that AFCA relied exclusively on professional fundraising services. It gave no insight to the fact that AFCA worked diligently to free itself of this inefficient source of revenue."

The Tampa Bay Times article explaining the investigative work says that the charities that make the list were plagued by other problems. 39 were disciplined by state regulators, one was shut down by a state and reopened under an new name and seven are not allowed to operate in one state.

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21 June 2013

China's Big Bet to Move 250 Million People into Cities

Here's the plan. China wants to move 250,000,000 people out of its rural areas and into cities within the next 15 years.

There are 316 million people in the United States. China's plan is to move nearly as many people as the world's third most populous country.

To do so, China is undertaking a massive construction effort to expand, improve and build new urban centers. Reporting from the New York Times reveals that the effort to transform the country has the potential to rapidly propel China or saddle it with long term and harmful problems.

This will decisively change the character of China, where the Communist Party insisted for decades that most peasants, even those working in cities, remain tied to their tiny plots of land to ensure political and economic stability. Now, the party has shifted priorities, mainly to find a new source of growth for a slowing economy that depends increasingly on a consuming class of city dwellers. 
The shift is occurring so quickly, and the potential costs are so high, that some fear rural China is once again the site of radical social engineering. Over the past decades, the Communist Party has flip-flopped on peasants’ rights to use land: giving small plots to farm during 1950s land reform, collectivizing a few years later, restoring rights at the start of the reform era and now trying to obliterate small landholders.
VICE recently reported on what it calls China's ghost cities. Correspondent Ryan Duffy traveled to Songjiang to see a British copycat city. There are other European-based tows planned for development. The problem is that there are no people living there. The only people they see on the trip are recently married couples taking pictures in the setting. Expensive prices and the fact that nobody lives there keeps many away. The report shows the potential problems with centrally planned development programs like the construction of entire cities. Landesa, the Seattle-based land rights NGO, took a look at the impacts of China's rapid development. They found that the Chinese government is increasingly taking land away from its citizens.
The costs of this top-down approach can be steep. In one survey by Landesa in 2011, 43 percent of Chinese villagers said government officials had taken or tried to take their land. That is up from 29 percent in a 2008 survey.
Continue reading on Humanosphere... 

20 June 2013

Food Aid Reform's Last Gasp in the House

Update: This article was originally published early yesterday. Last night, the amendment was voted down by a slim margin of 203 to 220.The issue split Republicans 105-126, and it split Democrats 98-94.

The widely supported, bipartisan attempt to modernize and improve the U.S. government's food aid system is not yet dead.

What's at stake: Between 4 million and 10 million more hungry people overseas could be fed -- for the same amount of money -- if proposed changes are enacted, according to experts at a leading anti-poverty think tank, Center for Global Development.

Proponents argue that the proposed reforms would reach more hungry people faster, save money and save more lives. And it will knock $150 million off the federal deficit. The changes to food aid, initially proposed by the Obama Administration, are backed by a wide range of supporters from the conservative Heritage Foundation to the liberal opinion page of the New York Times.

Where we're at: An amendment sponsored by House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce (R-CA) and Ranking Member Eliot Engel (D-NY) will allow USAID to spend as much as 45% of its emergency food aid budget for non-American food purchases. The amendment more closely reflects the White House plan than the small sum included in the Senate version of the Farm Bill. Relaxation to food procurement laws will make a big difference. Engel and Royce estimate that the amendment will save the federal government $215 million every year.

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19 June 2013

Is Toms Shoes Founder Learning?

Critics of TOMS shoes say the group’s solution of donating shoes to the poor for every pair it sells in the West does little to address the root causes of poverty. At its worst, this practice damages local businesses in poor countries. The online conversations by academics, bloggers (including myself) and NGO workers have continued for years with little response from TOMS.

Now founder Blake Mycoskie wants to talk about the criticisms. He addresses the issues head-on in a long article in Fast Company. He says that he did not want to engage in the discussion online because the medium doesn’t lend itself to real debate and he doubted his detractors wanted a genuine dialogue.

“How can we make ourselves feel better?” asks Scott Gilmore, the executive director of the not-for-profit Peace Dividend Trust . “This is the power of self-congratulatory smugness, of saying, ‘I’m better than you because I’m helping somebody.’ But the people who lose out are ironically the ones they say they’re trying to help.”

“I’ve learned that the keys to poverty alleviation are education and jobs. And we now have the resources to put investment behind this,” Mycoskie told Fast Company. “Maybe five years from now, we’ll be able to say it’s really good for business. But the motivator now is, How can we have more impact? At the end of the day, if we can create jobs and do one-for-one, that’s the holy grail.”

He says he’s taking the idea of job creation seriously, starting with a factory in Ethiopia and plans to expand to India, Kenya and Haiti. Not only that, TOMS is testing whether its shoe drops have an actual impact.

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Community Chooses Energy over Polio Vaccines in Pakistan

Two more polio vaccine workers were shot dead in northwest Pakistan on Sunday. It is the latest attack on polio eradication efforts in Pakistan that extends back to a series of attacks at the end of 2012. The BBC cites 17 polio vaccine worker deaths in the past few months.

Polio is down, but not out in Pakistan. 35 cases of polio were recorded in Pakistan last year. Vaccines play a key role in eradicating polio. The lack of security in Pakistan and uncertain safety for vaccine workers means an estimated 240,000 children have missed polio vaccines, says the UN.

Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari issued a statement condemning the killings on Monday. He reiterated the government’s commitment to vaccinating children against polio.

“While condemning the death of the two polio volunteers, the president said that such cowardly and inhuman acts of the militants and extremists can not deter the strong resolve of government to eradicate polio from the country,” said Zardari in a statement.

The weekend saw attacks on a bus and a hospital in Quetta. Dialog is possible with groups that are willing to talk, but Zardari administration is taking a hard-line stance against extremists, said Interior Minister Chaudry Nisar to CNN.

Continue reading on Humanosphere...

18 June 2013

Google Hangout Discusses Poverty Porn

A discussion on poverty porn hosted by Kurante just ended. Kurante hosted the coversation on Google+ featuring Ethan Zuckerman, Charlie Beckett, Linda Raftree, Teddy Ruge and Lina Srivastava. With Lindsay Poirier serving as moderator. Watch the video below for the conversation (warning it cuts off at the end due to time) and the accompanying conversation on Twitter.

Politics and design thinking: more in common than you think

By Dave Algoso

Last week, USIP’s Andrew Blum wrote a great piece (on Tom Murphy’s A View From The Cave) about the limitations of design thinking when it comes to politics. Blum makes the solid point that design thinking works best when a certain amount of consensus exists around the problem that’s being addressed. For political issues, which are all about contested power and disagreements over values, such consensus is elusive.

Design thinking has found its entry points into political issues with narrow targeting. Blum’s example is the Atrocity Prevention Challenge. It focuses on information-gathering as a way to prevent violence, while essentially ignoring (or making unstated assumptions about) how the gathered information actually translates to violence prevention. The narrow targeting is necessary to apply design methods, but it constrains the overall impact that can be made.

However, I think there’s hope. Design thinking can take many forms. Like any discipline, it includes a range of methods and frameworks that can be applied to a variety of problems. Because politics itself lies at the intersection of so many aspects of human activity, political analysis must pull from a wide variety of disciplines. Design thinking has the potential to contribute to that.

There are several natural overlaps between design thinking and political analysis. I see these overlaps in my day job at Reboot, where we apply principles from design (as well as other fields) to inherently political issues like governance, accountability, and institutional development.

Chief among these overlaps is a human-centered approach. Design calls them “users”, while political terms vary based on where you’re sitting — “targets” or “constituents” perhaps. Regardless, both fields recognize individuals as the primary decision-making unit. If you want to design a better smartphone, you need to truly understand how users will interface with it throughout their day. Likewise, if you want to sway political decision-makers, you need to understand the various pressures and incentives competing for their attention and action.Empathy is critical in both cases.

Another area of overlap lies in multi-disciplinary understandings of context. Understanding how a user might interact with a product or service requires a mix of disciplines — psychology, linguistics, aesthetics, anthropology, and even biology, depending on what’s being designed. Political analysis requires an understanding of similar disciplines, with an even heavier reliance on economics, governance, conflict, rhetoric, and often ethnography. Both require analytical processes to capture insights from across multiple disciplines, synthesis to understand how they relate, and horizontal thinking to consider unexpected outcomes.

Finally, the iterative and adaptive nature of both fields is obvious. You see this built into design with practices like prototyping, and you hear it in phrases like “fail fast.” In political action, adaptation is equally critical. Think about pilot-tests for new initiatives, trial balloonsfloated to gauge support, or the recently coined “problem-driven iterative adaption” approach.

Abstracting a level: the link between these two fields is that both grapple with complexity in a pragmatic way. When they’re at their best — avoiding the lofty idealism of political rhetoric or the techno-utopianism of designers — both fields find ways to act and create progress in a confusing world. They both avoid the detached analysis-paralysis of academia and the temptation to build grand theories from simplistic assumptions (I’m looking at you, rational-choice theory). Politics and design both live in the messy middle.

These similarities suggest that the methods of one could be useful to the other. Design thinking can supplement political thinking on problems such as public service delivery or institutional governance. Blum is right that design thinking, as it’s currently applied to narrowly circumscribed topics, does a disservice to political issues. But I think we can broaden the scope a little bit.

This originally appeared on Dave's Blog Find What Works.

Controversy over Obama's Africa Trip Cost

It costs a lot for President Obama to travel. He requires plenty of support and security for good reason. The President will make his way back to sub-Saharan Africa to visit Senegal, South Africa and Tanzania later this month. Given the logistical and security challenges in the countries, it is going to cost even more, reports the Washington Post.
Military cargo planes will airlift in 56 support vehicles, including 14 limousines and three trucks loaded with sheets of bulletproof glass to cover the windows of the hotels where the first family will stay. Fighter jets will fly in shifts, giving 24-hour coverage over the president’s airspace, so they can intervene quickly if an errant plane gets too close.
The trip in total will cost in the range of $60 million to $100 million. The cost will be a tad cheaper after a planned safari in Mikumi National park that required additional Secret Service agents was canceled.

“After I read that story in the paper, I thought to myself: ‘It’s mind-boggling to think of taking a trip like this when we’re having to make the cuts in federal spending that we’re now having to make,’” said former head of the White House Travel Office Billy Dale to conservative outlet Newsmax.

Deputy national security adviser Ben Rhodes defended criticisms of the trip saying that Africa is an important region for the US.

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14 June 2013

Keeps Getting Worse in Syria as Refugees Increase and Money Runs Out

At its current pace, there will be 3.65 million Syrian refugees by the end of the year. That means an estimated 2 million people will flee from the violence in Syria to a neighboring country in the span of six months.

Another 4.25 million Syrians are displaced within the country and the UN estimates that 6.8 million Syrians need humanitarian assistance. That is more than one out of every four Syrians.

A request for $1.41 billion for the first half of the year received only 70% (corrected) of the funding. Despite the shortfall, 2.4 million people have been reached by feeding programs, one million children have been vaccinated against polio and measles and safe drinking water has been provided for 9 million people.

The continued fighting, increased displacements and worsening situation add up to a greater humanitarian need. An appeal for an additional $4.4 billion for the rest of the year reflects the challenges ahead.

“After more than two years of brutal conflict, almost a third of Syrians need urgent humanitarian help and protection, but the needs are growing more quickly than we can meet them,” said Emergency Relief Coordinator, Valerie Amos. “Today we launched the biggest humanitarian appeal ever and we are asking our donors to continue to give generously.”

13 June 2013

Design Thinking and the Politics of Atrocity Prevention

By Andrew Blum, Vice President, Program Management and Evaluation. United States Institute of Peace. Views expressed are my own, not that of my organization.

I have followed the Atrocity Prevention Challenge for awhile. So when I heard on Twitter that the challenge moved into the “evaluation” phase I spent some time reading through the ideas of the 17 organizations chosen as finalists. The winners of the Challenge were announced on June 5. 

I came away underwhelmed. Of course there were some good ideas, but nothing I saw had the potential to be transformative.

So what happened? After all, the Challenge was organized by a veritable super group of organizations: Humanity United, USAID, and OpenIDEO. Humanity United and USAID have done very good work on conflict management and atrocity prevention, and IDEO is a leader in the design field. 

The answer I think lies in the structure of the challenge, which is organized under the top-line question: How might we gather information from hard-to-access areas to prevent mass violence against civilians?

The little two-letter word in that question is doing an awful lot of work, and signals the core premise of the Challenge, that if we get the gathering of information correct, then atrocities will be prevented. This is a mistake we’ve been making for a long time. The mostly implicit idea behind the “first generation” of early warning/early response initiatives was that if we build really good predictive models of conflict (and maybe include enough advanced statistical techniques) those predictions would be compelling enough to create a response. 

It didn't happen. 

Merchants have joined the peace networks. Disputes at the market can be swiftly defused. [credit: USAID/Sudan]
It’s hard not to see the innovative information-gathering and visualization tools of current efforts as just the latest effort to make the presentations of information compelling enough on its own to create a response.

We should know better by now. So again, what happened? 

I would argue that part of problem is the limits of “design thinking” in its current form. This approach, championed by IDEO, began in the world of things, and the world of software - in the design of shopping carts and user interfaces. More recently it has more adopted by non-profits and “social innovators”. Design thinking is not one thing, but at its core is the idea of re-engineering things and processes in an on-going, iterated way in order to solve problems that impact people (design thinking is often called human-centered design). In the Art of Innovation, for instance, Tom Kelley, one of IDEO’s founders, talks about keeping a “bug list”.

A list of things in the world that we may take for granted, but that don’t work right, or that create problems and extra effort expended. At the top of my list right now is the fact that parallel parkers in DC can cause traffic to back up for minutes at a time. So the design question is, could we re-engineer the parallel parking system (streets, cars, spaces) to solve this “bug”?

Design thinking excels when there is some consensus on the problem at hand. People don’t like to be stuck in traffic as the result of parallel parkers. If the goal is clear, design thinkers are really good at working on identifying new pathways to get there, and finding creative ways of removing hurdles along those pathways. But what if there is a lack of consensus on the problem? 

What if there were two different groups in DC. One of whom hated sitting in traffic, one of whom saw sitting in traffic as fundamental to their identify? In other words, what if the problem was political. 

Without going too far into the thickets of political philosophy, I think we can agree that political problems are those defined by issues of identity, power, and legitimate authority, and how they interact. How do we organize ourselves into formal and informal political communities with a common identity? How do we grant legitimate authority? How is power gathered and wielded to confront illegitimate authority?

Students visiting the temple at Naqa to teach the them about their common identity and culture [credit: USAID/Sudan]
Atrocity prevention from the local to the international level is an intensely and inherently political process. Those working on atrocity prevention must find creative ways to confront illegitimate authority, disrupt the configuration of identities that contribute to violence, and craft new means to provide legitimate authority for those with the power to prevent atrocities. 

What the Challenge did is identify a narrow slice of the atrocity prevention challenge, the gathering of information, that is highly-amenable to a design thinking approach. What if we have information in one place that we want to get to another place? What are the systems and processes we would need to engineer to move that information? Admittedly, the information itself is politically-loaded, but within this frame, the groups who don’t want the information to get out become simply a bug to engineer solutions around.

To be concrete, I want to compare the atrocity prevention problem, as identified by the Challenge, with a different project that both Humanity United and my organization, the United States Institute of Peace, have supported in Sudan. A UK-based organization, Peace Direct, helped establish the Collaborative for Peace in Sudan, which among other things, is working to create peace zones in South Kordofan. These are communities that refuse to participate in the war in South Kordofan and whose members work with all sides of the conflict to maintain peace in their area. 

These efforts are similar to the long-running “peace communities” effort in Colombia. Think about the nature of these efforts. The peace committees in South Kordofan are constantly confronting dangerous sources of power, finding new means to establish authority within the areas they work, working to craft new identity groupings that mitigate instead of exacerbate violence and so on. 

Collaborative for Peace in Sudan peace building seminar
The point here is not that these efforts are local, it is that they are political. Similar political processes need to take place within the UN or the United States Department of Defense before an international response to prevent atrocity can take place.

It’s not good enough to argue that this is simply a division of labor – let’s innovate on how we gather information and let others figure out the messy political realities of the response. This is not a two-step process.

The information gathered has to be gathered, aggregated, communicated, and leveraged with the responses in mind. Returning to the South Kordofan example, it may be the case, for instance, that because much of the politics in the area relies on the interaction between nomads and settled communities, the rainfall pattern is the key piece of information to feed into the process of establishing safe zones. Looked at this way, even the core assumption of the Challenge, that we should be gathering information on atrocities in order to prevent atrocities, is one that may need to be questioned.

I am not privy to how the Challenge was designed. But from the outside looking in, it seems as if the approach, design thinking, helped shape how the problem was defined, instead of vice-versa. 

If documentation of atrocities is our goal, and it’s a worthy goal in its own right, then the approach would fine. If we want to prevent atrocities, however, we have to design solutions that can confront the exceedingly complex politics involved. Perhaps ironically, this would constitute a true innovation in the field.

10 June 2013

Reviewing J's Missionary, Mercenary, Mystic, Misfit

Attempts to fictionalize humanitarian work have managed to fail on the level of garnering public interest and on the accuracy of living as an expat aid worker.

The Grey's Anatomy-goes-to-South-America failure better known as Off the Map lasted all of 13 episodes. The few aid workers that tuned in gleefully tweeted criticisms of the melodramatic plot and portrayal of aid work.

Anonymous aid worker J emerges as a person with long humanitarian experience using fiction to capture the frustrations and politics that make up aid work while telling a gripping story.

Missionary, Mercenary, Mystic, Misfit picks up with aid worker heroine Mary-Anne who left Haiti behind for her next assignment at the Dolo Ado refugee camp in Ethiopia. Her partner, Jean-Philippe, the object of her torrid affair in Haiti which drove the plot for the prior Disastrous Passion, is traveling around East Africa on a separate assignment.

The pair that fell so deeply in love in Haiti are under stress due to the physical distance and the pressures of the work on their lives. An experienced and older Oxfam aid worker named Jon Langstrom joins the cast as the new leading man and the potential love interest for Mary-Anne who finds herself pulled to this man who seemingly has his life together.

J's previous life was spent as a popular aid blogger at Tales From the Hood. In the year and a half since J hung up his blogging shoes, he launched a social media site for aid workers called Aid Source, co-produced the popular and irreverent Stuff Expat Aid Workers Like andwrote two humanitarian fiction novels.

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06 June 2013

Putting Babies in a Box is a Good Idea

It’s a safe bet. Sending cardboard boxes to poor countries will be the next big global child health initiative.

The BBC reports today on the history and current use of boxes as newborn beds in Finland. The program started as a form of support for low-income families. In 1949 the government decided to offer mothers money or the box ‘o goods as long as they make a visit to a doctor or pre-natal clinic by the 4th month of pregnancy.

The use of cardboard boxes as child beds in Finland has persisted in popularity for nearly 75 years thanks to this government providing families with these boxed-up maternity packages. The parents are given the option to take 140 euros in cash or a box filled with baby needs. The package includes goodies such outdoor gear for the cold Finnish winters, bedding and diapers. 95% of families choose the box. Then they use it as a crib.

Yes, the cardboard device that brought endless entertainment to cats and imaginative children alike, is also a great bed. And experts claim it reduces infant mortality.

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05 June 2013

US Senate Falls Short of White House Food Aid Reform Plan

The Obama administration has an ambitious plan to reform the delivery of international food aid.

It’s ambitious not in concept. Everybody else does food aid this way: Buying food overseas in or near the emergency in order to speed up response times, support local economies and save money. No, it’s widely regarded as very sensible. The reason it’s ambitious is because Congress doesn’t want to do it.

In the latest move of political inertia, the US Senate on Monday voted to spend a tiny bit more on local food procurement, about $20 million. This amendment to the Farm Bill passed by the Senate represents a paltry sum in comparison to what the White House proposed.

Of the $1.8 billion budgeted for food aid spending, $60 million would be used for local purchases in the Senate budget. The amendment that passed with a voice vote increased the allocation from $40 million. A sum that pales in comparison to what the White House budget requested. The White House overhaul would put $1.4 billion towards emergency food aid, with only 55% sourced through the US. That means hundreds of millions of dollars could have been used to distribute food vouchers and purchase food in non-US markets.

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Amid Moyo-Gates Debate is a Consensus on Moyo's Economics

You will remember from the other day, that Bill Gates is not a fan of Zambian economist Dambisa Moyo (see below video). Responding to a question about Moyo’s book Dead Aid, which criticizes Western aid interventions in Africa, Gates claimed the book is ‘promoting evil.’

Well, it turns out that Moyo is not happy with what Gates has to say about her book. Moyo issued a pithy response to what she described as a personal attack by Gates.

“To say that my book ‘promotes evil’ or to allude to my corrupt value system is both inappropriate and disrespectful,” writes Moyo in a blog post this morning.

Dr. Dambisa Moyo
The short blog post makes two points to refute the remarks made by Gates. First, Moyo says that the book serves as a debating point on aid. She says that both she and Gates agree on the goal to improve the livlihoods of Africans in a sustainable way. Her goal was to raise concerns about the limitations of aid.

The second point made by Moyo addresses Gates’ claim that she does not know much about aid. Moyo is quick to point out her experience in the classroom, a PhD, and out, World Bank Consultant. She concludes that her experience being raised in Zambia provides her with a unique first-hand insight into poverty in Africa and the impacts of aid. It is the very same selling point that Moyo used in promoting her book.
“To cast aside the arguments I raised in Dead Aid at a time when we have witnessed the transformative economic success of countries like China, Brazil and India, belittles my experiences, and those of hundreds of millions of Africans, and others around the world who suffer the consequences of the aid system every day,” says Moyo.
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Also see Ed Carr's recent blog post on the Gates-Moyo flap.